Fonts in XFree86 : Fonts included with XFree86
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3. Fonts included with XFree86

3.1. Standard bitmap fonts

The Sample Implementation of X11 comes with a large number of bitmap fonts, including the `fixed' family, and bitmap versions of Courier, Times and Helvetica. In the SI, these fonts are provided in the ISO 8859-1 encoding (ISO Latin Western-European).

In XFree86, a number of these fonts are provided in Unicode-encoded font files instead. At build time, these fonts are split into font files encoded according to legacy encodings, a process which enables us to provide the standard fonts in a number of regional encodings with no duplication of work.

For example, the font file

with XLFD
is a Unicode-encoded version of the standard `fixed' font with added support for the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, IPA and other scripts plus numerous technical symbols. It contains over 2800 glyphs, covering all characters of ISO 8859 parts 1-5, 7-10, 13-15, as well as all European IBM and Microsoft code pages, KOI8, WGL4, and the repertoires of many other character sets.

This font is used at build time for generating the font files

with respective XLFDs
The standard short name `fixed' is normally an alias for

(The conversion of the standard fonts to Unicode was mainly performed by Markus Kuhn. Markus is a man of taste, which makes his use of Perl in the conversion process somewhat surprising.)

3.2. The ClearlyU Unicode font family

The ClearlyU family of fonts provides a set of 12 pt, 100 dpi proportional fonts with many of the glyphs needed for Unicode text. Together, the fonts contain approximately 7500 glyphs.

The main ClearlyU font has the XLFD

and resides in the font file
Additional ClearlyU fonts include
-mutt-clearlyu alternate glyphs-medium-r-normal--17-120-100-100-p-91-iso10646-1 
-mutt-clearlyu pua-medium-r-normal--17-120-100-100-p-111-iso10646-1
-mutt-clearlyu arabic extra-medium-r-normal--17-120-100-100-p-103-fontspecific-0
-mutt-clearlyu ligature-medium-r-normal--17-120-100-100-p-141-fontspecific-0

The Alternate Glyphs font contains additional glyph shapes that are needed for certain languages. A second alternate glyph font will be provided later for cases where a character has more than one commonly used alternate shape (e.g. the Urdu heh).

The PUA font contains extra glyphs that are useful for certain rendering purposes.

The Arabic Extra font contains the glyphs necessary for characters that don't have all of their possible shapes encoded in ISO 10646. The glyphs are roughly ordered according to the order of the characters in the ISO 10646 standard.

The Ligature font contains ligatures for various scripts that may be useful for improved presentation of text.

(The ClearlyU family was designed by Mark Leisher. Mark's usage of the foundry name mutt predates the mailer of the same name, but he won't say more.)

3.3. Standard scalable fonts

XFree86 includes all the scalable fonts distributed with X11R6.

3.3.1. Standard Type 1 fonts

The IBM Courier set of fonts cover ISO 8859-1 and ISO 8859-2 as well as Adobe Standard Encoding. These fonts have XLFD

and reside in the font files

The Adobe Utopia set of fonts only cover ISO 8859-1 as well as Adobe Standard Encoding. These fonts have XLFD

and reside in the font files

Finally, XFree86 also comes with Type 1 versions of Bitstream Courier and Charter. These fonts have XLFD

and reside in the font files

3.3.2. Standard Speedo fonts

XFree86 includes Speedo versions of the Bitstream Courier and Charter fonts. In order to use these fonts, you should ensure that your X server is loading the `Speedo' font backend; see Section Troubleshooting.

These fonts cover all of ISO 8859-1 and almost all of ISO 8859-2. They have XLFD name

and reside in the font files

3.4. The Bigelow & Holmes Lucidux family

XFree86 includes the Lucidux family of Type 1 fonts. This family consists of the fonts Lucidux Serif, with XLFD

-b&h-lucidux serif-medium-*-normal--*-*-*-*-p-*-*-*
Lucidux Sans, with XLFD
-b&h-lucidux sans-medium-*-normal--*-*-*-*-p-*-*-*
and Lucidux Mono, with XLFD
-b&h-lucidux mono-medium-*-normal--*-*-*-*-m-*-*-*
Each of these fonts currently comes in Roman and oblique variants (bold variants will be included in a future release) and has 337 glyphs covering the basic ASCII Unicode range, the Latin 1 range, as well as the Extended Latin range. In particular, these fonts include all the glyphs needed for ISO 8859 parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 9 and 15.

The Lucidux fonts are original designs by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes. Lucidux fonts include seriffed, sans serif, and monospaced styles that share the same stem weight, x-height, capital height, ascent and descent. Lucidux fonts harmonise with Lucida (R) fonts of the same vertical proportions and weights. The character width metrics of Lucidux roman fonts match those of core fonts bundled with several window systems.

Each PFA file has a copy of the license terms in PS comment lines. The license terms are also included in the file `COPYRIGHT.BH' for convenience, as well as in the License document.

The design and font outlines were donated by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes from Bigelow and Holmes Inc., and the hinting was donated by Berthold Horn and Blenda Horn from Y&Y, Inc. For more information, please contact or , or consult Y&Y's web site.

Fonts in XFree86 : Fonts included with XFree86
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